Tight supply and strong demand will dominate the GTA market this year, resulting in double-digit home price growth, according to the Toronto Real Estate Board (TREB).
While this forecast may please existing homeowners, it underlines the growing affordability crisis and other challenges facing prospective buyers in the Toronto market, TREB says in its 2017 outlook.
The growth rate for the average selling price will be between 10 and 16 per cent, with an average price range between $800,000 and $850,000, TREB says in its Market Year in Review & Outlook Report.
Lowrise home types, including detached and semi-detached houses and townhouses, will experience the strongest price growth, but the condominium apartment market segment will remain tight as well.
“While changes to federal mortgage lending guidelines and higher borrowing costs may impact some would-be home buyers, the big impediment will be the lack of inventory,” says Jason Mercer, TREB’s director of market analysis. “Active listings at the end of December were at their lowest point since before the year 2000. It is unlikely that the shortage of listings will improve to any great degree over the course of the next year. This will put a ceiling on sales growth.”
TREB is forecasting another strong year for home sales through its MLS System in 2017, with more than 100,000 sales forecast for the third consecutive year. Between 104,500 and 115,500 home sales are expected this year, with a point forecast of 110,000 – down slightly from 113,133 sales in 2016.
Despite the ominous landscape, a homebuyers survey conducted by Ipsos in November 2016 on behalf of TREB indicates that GTA households are still upbeat about their homeownership prospects this year. This included first-time buyers, whose share of overall buying intentions increased to 53 per cent from 49 per cent a year earlier. Compared to a similar survey conducted at the end of 2015, the number of likely buyers was down slightly.
The Ipsos survey confirmed that likely homebuyers are expecting to see strong home price increases in 2017. However, the average buyer is planning to make a substantial down payment – 27.6 per cent for all recent homebuyers combined and 23.9 per cent for first-time buyers.
Given the array of challenges facing the market, TREB cautions that government policy changes should be weighed carefully against unintended consequences.
“Housing affordability, and affordable homeownership in particular, is a growing concern,” says TREB CEO John DiMichele. “Home prices will increase well above the rate of inflation and income growth in 2017, as the supply of listings remains very constrained. While governments have been focusing their policy solutions on allaying demand, what is needed are policies that focus on the lack of available homes for sale and for rent. The public, private, and not-for-profit sectors need to come together to focus on innovative solutions to the housing supply issue.”
For example, a foreign buyer tax in the GTA would be misguided, the association says. To obtain actual empirical data on foreign buying activity in the GTA, TREB commissioned Ipsos in November 2016 to survey its members, who acted on behalf of homebuyers during the preceding 12 months, as to foreign buying activity in the region.
Key findings include:
- Only an estimated 4.9 per cent of GTA transactions involved a foreign purchaser.
- The majority (40 per cent) of foreign buyers purchased a home as a primary residence, to rent out to tenants in a tight GTA rental market (25 per cent) or for another family member to live in (15 per cent).
- Less than two per cent of realtors had been involved in a transaction for a foreign buyer which they knew was impacted by the foreign buyer tax in British Columbia.
TREB also cautions against the proposed additional land transfer tax on foreign buyers. Unintended consequences could include:
- Tighter market conditions and stronger price growth in neighboring communities/regions without a tax.
- Less rental supply, because the number of investors looking to purchase and rent out a property could decline; and
- A potential negative impact on immigration, and population growth in the GTA, on net, is driven by immigration.